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Fire and Safety management

The role of Government in Industrial Safety

The government is ultimately responsible for protecting workers, consumers, and citizens from dangers at work, on the roads, in the air, in the water, from air and water pollution, etc. The role of the government in regard to these matters can be stated below:


Enhancement of occupational safety and health legislature including legislation for fixation and payment of compensation to workers including laws that require employers to provide fire and safety courses to their employees, and others who died or were injured due to industrial accidents or demes Setting up of departments to enforce the laws and to give advice, guidance, and assistance to workers, management, and other organization.


Safety Laws

 The government legislation should prescribe the safety standards and safety measures to be followed by the government sources, the workers, and the management of industrial and other establishments.

 The laws must also dearly specify the duties and responsibilities of government officers who are entrusted with their enforcement, the workers the management.

 The laws should be comprehensive and unambiguous.


Enforcement of Laws:


The law enforcing authorities must have the requisite qualification, training, and experience The enforcement wing shall group staff trained in several disciplines like mechanical, electrical, chemical, medical, agricultural engineering, civil engineering, etc. The inspection officials have to be provided with the necessary facilities to evaluate the harmful and unhealthy substances in the working atmosphere. The inspecting officials have to be provided with the necessary facilities to evaluate the harmful and unhealthy substances in the working atmosphere. A separate setup with statutory powers of collecting data on occupational accidents and diseases is also required.


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Setting Up Laboratory and Research Department

 With several types of chemicals and toxic materials widely used and more laboratory and research, the wing needs no emphasis. The wing should have facilities to deal with factors like,


✓  Environment hazards, Industrial toxicology Safety techniques in machinery manufacture, Building, Mining, Chemical process and apparatus, Ventilation, Lighting, Noise, and Humidity. Temperature, Control of dust, Gas, Vapor, Fumes, etc


 Providing advice and guidance on matters concerning safety, hygiene, and health.


 Developing ways and means of preventing occupational accidents and diseases


The laboratory must have up-to-date facilities for qualitative and quantitative examination of dust, compound, and other toxic materials. There should be an adequate number of qualified and experienced staff to carry out the investigation correctly and speedily.


⚫ maintaining Cooperation with non-official organization

Employer’s and worker’s organizations, universities, and other educational institutions’ examination of dust, concerning companies are some of the non-official organizations involved in matters of safety and health of industrial workers. Government departments must keep close cooperation with these organizations.


⚫ Setting up of Institutions for Training in Different Disciplines

An adequate number of institutions with experts in various disciplines should be set up to train a sufficient number of persons to meet the scientific and technological advancement of industrial and other establishments


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